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**NCERT mathematics class 12 chapter Relations and Functions Exercise 1.2 Problem 11 Solution**. Solutions for other problems are available at Exercise 1.2 SolutionsExercise 1.2 Problem 11 Solution

11. Let f : R → R be defined as {f(x) = x^4}. Choose the correct answer.

A.

f is one-one onto

B.

f is many-one onto

C.

f is one-one but not onto

D.

f is neither one-one nor onto.

To Check whether f is one-one:

Consider two elements x_1, x_2 ∈ R such that

{f(x_1) = f(x_2)}

⇒ {x_1^4 = x_2^4}

⇒ {x_1^2 = x_2^2}

⇒ {x_1 = \pm x_2}

⇒ Two different elements in the domain have the same image in the co-domain.

∴ f is not one-one.

To Check whether f is onto:

For f to be onto, every element y ∈ R in the co-domain should be an image of some element x ∈ R in the domain, such that

{y = f(x) = x^4}

As we know, x^4 is always positive.

However, as the function f is defined as f : R → R, the co-domain, which is set of real numbers has both positive and negative numbers, will have only the positive numbers as the images of elements in the domain. In otherwords, the negative numbers will not be images of any elements in the domain.

∴ f is not onto.

∴ As f is neither one-one nor onto, D is the correct answer.