# Numerical Questions Solutions

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Numerical Questions Solutions
1. Anand Ltd., arrived at a net income of ₹ 5,00,000 for the year ended March 31, 2017. Depreciation for the year was ₹ 2,00,000. There was a profit of ₹ 50,000 on assets sold which was transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss account. Trade Receivables increased during the year ₹ 40,000 and Trade Payables also increased by ₹ 60,000. Compute the cash flow from operating activities by the indirect approach.
Cash Flow Statement

2. From the information given below you are required to calculate the cash paid for the inventory:
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Cash A/c
1,59,500
By Balance b/d
14,000
(Balancing Figure)
By Purchases A/c
1,60,000
To Balance c/d
14,500
1,74,000
1,74,000
The cash paid for the inventory is ₹ 1,59,000

3. For each of the following transactions, calculate the resulting cash flow and state the nature of cash flow, viz., operating, investing and financing.
(a)
Acquired machinery for ₹ 2,50,000 paying 20% by cheque and executing a bond for the balance payable.
(b)
Paid ₹ 2,50,000 to acquire shares in Informa Tech. and received a dividend of ₹ 50,000 after acquisition.
(c)
Sold machinery of original cost ₹ 2,00,000 with an accumulated depreciation of ₹ 1,60,000 for ₹ 60,000.
S.No.
Particulars
Calculation
Net Cash Flow
Nature of Cash Flow
a.
Cheque amount paid
{= ₹~2,50,000 × \dfrac{20}{100}}
(50,000)
Investing Activity
b.
Paid to acquire Shares
(2,50,000)
Investing Activity
50,000
(2,00,000)
Investing Activity
c.
60,000
Investing Activity

4. The following is the Profit and Loss Account of Yamuna Limited:
Particulars
Note
No.
Amount
I) Revenue from Operations
10,00,000
II) Expenses
Cost of Materials Consumed
1
50,000
5,00,000
Other Expenses
2
3,00,000
Total Expenses
8,50,000
III) Profit before tax (I – II)
1,50,000
(i)
Trade receivables decrease by ₹ 30,000 during the year.
(ii)
Prepaid expenses increase by ₹ 5,000 during the year.
(iii)
Trade payables increase by ₹ 15,000 during the year.
(iv)
Outstanding expenses payable increased by ₹ 3,000 during the year.
(v)
Other expenses included depreciation of ₹ 25,000
Compute net cash from operations for the year ended March 31, 2017 by the indirect method.
Cash Flow from Operating Activities of Yamuna Limited as on March 31, 2017

5. Compute cash from operations from the following figures:
(i)
Profit for the year 2016-17 is a sum of ₹ 10,000 after providing for depreciation of ₹ 2,000.
(ii)
The current assets and current liabilities of the business for the year ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 are as follows:
Particulars
March 31, 2016
March 16, 2017
14,000
15,000
Provision for
1,000
1,200
Doubtful Debts
13,000
15,000
Inventories
5,000
8,000
Other Current Assets
10,000
12,000
Expenses payable
1,000
1,500
Prepaid Expenses
2,000
1,000
Accrued Income
3,000
4,000
2,000
1,000
Cash Flow Statement for the year ending March 31, 2017

6. From the following particulars of Bharat Gas Limited, calculate Cash Flows from Investing Activities. Also show the workings clearly preparing the ledger accounts:
Balance Sheet of Bharat Gas Ltd., as on 31 March, 2016 and 31 March 2017
Particulars
Note
No.
March 31, 2017
March 31 2016
II) Assets
1. Non-current Assets
a) Fixed assets
i) Tangible assets
1
12,40,000
10,20,000
ii) Ingangible assets
2
12,40,000
10,20,000
b) Non-current Investments
3
3,60,000
2,60,000
Notes: 1
Tangible assets = Machinery
2
Intangible assets = Patents
Note to accounts:
(a)
Patents were written-off to the extent of ₹ 40,000 and some Patents were sold at a profit of ₹ 20,000.
(b)
A Machine costing ₹ 1,40,000 (Depreciation provided thereon ₹ 60,000) was sold for ₹ 50,000. Depreciation charged during the year was ₹ 1,40,000.
(c)
On March 31, 2016, 10% Investments were purchased for ₹ 1,80,000 and some Investments were sold at a profit of ₹ 20,000. Interest on Investment was received on March 31, 2017.
(d)
Amartax Ltd., paid Dividend @ 10% on its shares.
(e)
A plot of Land had been purchased for investment purposes and let out for commercial use and rent received ₹ 30,000.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
10,20,000
By Depreciation A/c
1,40,000
To Bank A/c
4,40,000
By Bank A/c
50,000
(New Machinery Purchased)
By Profit and Loss A/c
30,000
(Balancing Figure)
(Loss on Sale)
By Balance c/d
12,40,000
14,60,000
14,60,000
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
2,80,000
By Profit and Loss A/c
40,000
To Profit and Loss A/c
20,000
(Written-off)
(Profit on Sale)
By Bank A/c
1,00,000
(Patents Sold out)
(Balancing Figure)
By Balance c/d
1,60,000
3,00,000
3,00,000
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
60,000
By Bank A/c
1,00,000
By Bank A/c
1,80,000
(Balancing Figure)
To Profit and Loss A/c
20,000
By Balance c/d
1,60,000
(Profit on Sale)
2,60,000
2,60,000

7. From the following Balance Sheet of Mohan Ltd., prepare cash flow Statement:
Balance Sheet of Mohan Ltd., as at 31st March 2016 and 31st March 2017
Particulars
Note
No.
March 31 2017
(₹)
March 31, 2016
(₹)
I) Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Equity share capital
3,00,000
2,00,000
b) Reserves and Surplus
2,70,000
2,20,000
2. Non-current liabilities
a) Long-term borrowings
1
80,000
1,00,000
3. Current liabilities
1,20,000
1,40,000
Total
7,70,000
6,60,000
II) Assets
1. Non-current assets
Fixed assets
2
5,00,000
3,20,000
2. Current assets
a) Inventories
1,50,000
1,30,000
3
90,000
1,20,000
c) Cash and cash equivalents
4
30,000
90,000
Total
7,70,000
6,60,000
Note to accounts:
2017
2016
1. Long-term borrowings
9% Bank Loan
80,000
1,00,000
2. Fixed assets
6,00,000
4,00,000
Less: Accumulated Depreciation
1,00,000
80,000
(Net) Fixed Assets
5,00,000
3,20,000
Debtors
60,000
1,00,000
Bills receivables
30,000
20,000
90,000
1,20,000
4. Cash and cash equivalents
Bank
30,000
90,000
Machine Costing ₹ 80,000 on which accumulated depreciation was ₹ 50,000 was sold for ₹ 20,000. 9% bank loan ₹ 20,000 was repaid on March 31, 2017. Proposed dividend for the year 2015-16 was ₹ 60,000.
Net Profit
=
Surplus in 2017 – Surplus in 2016
=
₹ 2,70,000 – ₹ 2,20,000
=
₹ 50,000
Cash Flow Statement of Mohan Ltd.
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Balance b/d
4,00,000
By Bank A/c
20,000
To Bank A/c
2,80,000
By Profit and Loss A/c
10,000
(Purchases)
(Loss on Sale)
(Balancing Figure)
By Accumulated Depreciation A/c
50,000
Balance c/d
6,00,000
6,80,000
6,80,000
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Fixed Assets A/c
50,000
By Balance b/d
80,000
To Balance c/d
1,00,000
To Profit and Loss A/c
70,000
(Balancing Figure)
1,50,000
1,50,000

8. From the following Balance Sheets of Tiger Super Steel Ltd., prepare Cash Flow Statement:
Balance Sheet of Tiger Super Steel Ltd. as at 31st March 2014 2016 and 31st March 2017
Particulars
Note
No.
March 31, 2017
March 31, 2016
I) Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Share capital
1
1,40,000
1,20,000
b) Reserves and surplus
2
38,400
26,400
2. Current Liabilities
2
21,200
14,000
b) Other current liabilities
3
2,400
3,200
c) Short-term provisions
4
12,800
11,200
2,14,800
1,74,800
II) Assets
1. Non-Current Assets
a) Fixed assets
i) Tangible assets
6
96,400
76,000
ii) Intangible assets
18,800
24,000
b) Non-current investments
14,000
4,000
2. Current Assets
a) Inventories
31,200
34,000
43,200
30,000
c) Cash and Cash Equivalents
11,200
6,800
2,14,800
1,74,800
Note to accounts:
1. Share Capital
Equity share capital
1,20,000
80,000
10% Preference share capital
20,000
40,000
1,40,000
1,20,000
2. Reserves and surplus
General reserve
12,000
8,000
Balance in statement of profit and loss
26,400
18,400
38,400
26,400
Bills payable
21,200
14,000
4. Other current liabilities
Outstanding expenses
2,400
3,200
5. Short-term provisions
Provision for taxation
12,800
11,200
6. Tangible assets
Land and building
20,000
40,000
Plant
76,400
36,000
96,400
76,000
*Proposed dividend for 2016-17 is ₹ 15,600 and for 2015-16 is ₹ 11,200.
Depreciation Charged on Land & Building ₹ 20,000, and Plant ₹ 10,000 during the year. Proposed dividend for 2016-17 ₹ 15,600 and 2015-16 ₹ 11,200
Cash Flow Statement of Tiger Super Steel Ltd. as on 31st March 2017
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To balance b/d
36,000
By Depreciation A/c
10,000
To Bank A/c
50,400
By Balance c/d
76,400
(Purchases)
(Balancing Figure)
86,400
86,400
Working Notes:
Profit before Provision for Dividend
=
₹ 26,400 – ₹ 18,400
=
₹ 8,000
=
₹ 15,600 – ₹ 11,200
=
₹ 4,400
Net Profit
=
₹ 8,000 – ₹ 4,400
=
₹ 3,600

9. From the following information, prepare cash flow statement:
Particulars
Note
No.
31st March 2015
31st March 2016
I. Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Share capital
7,00,000
5,00,000
b) Reserve and surplus
4,70,000
2,50,000
2. Non-current Liabilities
(8% Debentures)
4,00,000
6,00,000
3. Current Liabilities
9,00,000
6,00,000
Total
24,70,000
19,50,000
II. Assets
1. Non-current assets
Fixed assets
i) Tangible
7,00,000
5,00,000
ii) Intangible–Goodwill
1,70,000
2,50,000
2. Current assets
a) Inventories
6,00,000
5,00,000
6,00,000
4,00,000
c) Cash and cash equivalents
4,00,000
3,00,000
Total
24,70,000
19,50,000
Depreciation Charged on Plant amounted to ₹ 80,000.
Cash Flow Statement for the year ending March 31, 2015
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
5,00,000
By Depreciation A/c
80,000
To Bank A/c
2,80,000
By Balance c/d
7,00,000
(Purchases)
(Balancing Figure)
7,80,000
7,80,000

10. From the following Balance Sheet of Yogeta Ltd., prepare cash flow statement:
Particulars
Note
No.
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
I. Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Share capital
1
4,00,000
2,00,000
b) Reserve and surplus (Surplus)
2,00,000
1,00,000
2. Non-current Liabilities
Long-term borrowings
2
1,50,000
2,20,000
3. Current Liabilities
a) Short-term borrowings
1,00,000
—–
(Bank overdraft)
70,000
50,000
c) Short-term provision
50,000
30,000
(Provision for taxation)
Total
9,70,000
6,00,000
II. Assets
1. Non-current assets
Fixed assets
Tangible
7,00,000
4,00,000
2. Current assets
a) Inventories
1,70,000
1,00,000
1,00,000
50,000
c) Cash and cash equivalents
—–
50,000
Total
9,70,000
6,00,000
Notes to Accounts:
Particulars
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
1. Share capital
a) Equity share capital
3,00,000
2,00,000
b) Preference share capital
1,00,000
—–
4,00,000
2,00,000
2. Long-term borrowings
8% Long-term loan
—–
2,00,000
9% Loan from Rahul
1,50,000
20,000
1,50,000
2,20,000
Net Profit for the year after charging ₹ 50,000 as Depreciation was ₹ 1,50,000. Dividend paid on Share was ₹ 50,000, Tax Provision created during the year amounted to ₹ 60,000. 8% loan was repaid on March 31, 2017 and an additional 9% loan of ₹ 1,30,000 was obtained from Rahul on April 01, 2016.
Cash Flow Statement of Yogeta Ltd. as on March 31, 2017
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Bank A/c
40,000
By Balance b/d
30,000
(Balancing Figure)
By Profit and Loss A/c
60,000
To Balance c/d
50,000
90,000
90,000
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
4,00,000
By Depreciation A/c
50,000
To Bank A/c
3,50,000
By Balance c/d
7,00,000
7,50,000
7,50,000

11. Following is the Balance sheet of Garima Ltd., prepare cash flow statement.
Particulars
Note
No.
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
I. Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Share capital
1
4,40,000
2,80,000
b) Reserve and surplus (Surplus)
2
40,000
28,000
2. Current Liabilities
1,56,000
56,000
b) Short-term provisions
12,000
4,000
(Provision for taxation)
Total
6,48,000
3,68,000
II. Assets
1. Non-current assets
Fixed assets
Tangible
3,64,000
2,00,000
2. Current assets
a) Inventories
1,60,000
60,000
80,000
20,000
c) Cash and cash equivalents
28,000
80,000
d) Other current assets (prepaid expenses)
16,000
8,000
Total
6,48,000
3.68,000
Notes to Accounts:
Particulars
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
1. Share capital
a) Equity share capital
3,00,000
2,00,000
b) Preference share capital
1,40,000
80,000
4,40,000
2,80,000
2. Reserve and surplus
Surplus in statement of profit and loss at the beginning of the year
28,000
16,000
Less: Interim Dividend
4,000
Profit at the end of the year
40,000
1.
Depreciation charged during the year ₹ 32,000
Cash Flow Statement of Garima Ltd. as on March 31, 2017
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
Date
Particulars
J.F.
Amount
To Balance b/d
2,00,000
By Depreciation A/c
32,000
To Bank A/c
1,96,000
By Balance c/d
3,64,000
(Purchases)
(Balancing Figure)
3,96,000
3,96,000
12. From the following Balance Sheet of Computer India Ltd., prepare cash flow statement.
(₹ in ‘000)
Particulars
Note
No.
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
I. Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholders’ Funds
a) Share capital
52,000
40,000
b) Reserve and surplus–Surplus
1
9,500
8,000
2. Non-Current Liabilities
10% Debentures
6,500
6,000
3. Current liabilities
a) Short-term borrowings
2
6,800
12,500
11,000
12,000
c) Short-term provisions
3
4,200
3,000
Total
90,000
81,500
II. Assets
1. Non-current assets
a) Fixed assets
4
27,000
30,000
2. Current assets
a) Inventories
35,000
30,000
24,000
20,000
c) Cash and cash equivalents–cash
3,500
1,200
d) Other current assets–prepaid exp.
500
300
Total
90,000
81,500
Notes to Accounts:
Particulars
31st March 2017
31st March 2016
1. Reserve and surplus
i) Balance in statement of profit and loss
7,000
6,000
ii) General reserve
2,500
2,000
9,500
8,000
2. Short-term borrowings
Bank overdraft
6,800
12,500
3. Short-term provisions
i) Provision for taxation
4,200
3,000
4. Fixed Assets:
Fixed Assets
42,000
41,000
Less Accumulated Depreciation
(15,000)
(11,000)
27,000
30,000